The changes include:

Icons of road signs stating speed limits as 12km/h and 25km/h

Reducing speed limits to 12km/h on footpaths and shared paths, unless otherwise signed. The 25km/h limit remains for all other bike paths and roads.

Icon signifying mobile phone use is not permitted

Increasing fines of up to $1161 for dangerous offences involving speed, illegal road use and holding a mobile phone while riding.

Icon with an image of a bike and a car

Allowing personal mobility devices to be ridden in bike lanes on roads with a speed limit of 50km/h or less, and all on-road bike lanes that are physically separated.

Icon of a scooter with a bell on it

Mandating bells for personal mobility devices with handlebars, like e-scooters.

Traffic light icon

Aligning personal mobility device riders with bike riders to ensure they are required to follow general road rules, such as stopping at red lights.

scooter crash icon

If involved in a crash, requirements to stay on the scene, render help and provide contact details whether on or off the road.

Personal mobility devices penalties

Person riding a scooter and wearing full protective gear
A man riding a skateboard and wearing protective gear except for a helmet
A young woman riding a scooter while looking at her phone
Two people riding one scooter
A man on a scooter

More on penalties

Key rules to follow

Reduced speed on footpaths

Speed limit of 12km/h on footpaths and shared paths unless otherwise signed.

Maximum speed limit

Speed limit of 25km/h on bike paths and roads.

Know where you can ride

Footpaths, shared paths, bike paths, and local streets and on-road bike lanes where the road limit is 50km/h or less.

Leave your phone alone when riding

Always wear a helmet

No doubling

Passengers are not allowed.

PMD riders must be 12 years old or more

12-15 year olds must be supervised.

Don’t drink and ride

Warn pedestrians as you approach

Devices with handlebars must have a bell.

General road rules apply

Use lights and reflectors after dark

Park your PMD in a safe space out of the way of other path users

Rules for Riders

A person riding a scooter looking at their phone
Two people on one scooter - doubling is not allowed
Person riding an e-scooter with safety gear on
A person using a white cane walking near safely parked PMD
Ride an e-scooter at a safe distance from roads
People walking and riding scooters and bicycles sharing the road

Sharing the road with PMDs

The PMD rule changes affect different groups of road users and pedestrians. View how it will affect cars, bicycles, motorcycles and pedestrians by clicking the link below.

Find out more